Law-ScrollIn our last post, we asked whether we, as Gentiles, are or were under the law.  As we ask that question, we must understand what the law is.  The law is the entirety of the first five books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy).  That is the law.  It is the aggregate of all the commands, ordinances, statutes and judgments that God gave to Israel.  It is very similar to the law of a state.  Most states have a code, which is composed of individual ordinances.  So the Jewish law is more than the commands that God gave to Moses on Mt. Sinai; it is more than the over 600 commands written in the first five books of the Bible.  It is the whole of the first five books of the Bible.  The law is called Torah in the Hebrew Bible.  The word Torah is more closely translated as instruction.  So the first five books of the Bible can be called the instructions given to Israel.  It is in this law that the promise of the kingdom is contained.  Since the law was given only to Israel and no other nation, it did not, nor does not apply to Gentiles.  This is why God’s mercy is so significant.  God, in his mercy, extended the promise of the kingdom to Gentiles, even though the promises and the covenants were never given to them.  This is why understanding what the law is and who the law applies to is so important.